Modeling Fluctuation of the Price of Crude Oil in Nigeria Using ARCH, ARCH-M Models

Monday, Titus Eli and Abdulkadir, Ahmed (2020) Modeling Fluctuation of the Price of Crude Oil in Nigeria Using ARCH, ARCH-M Models. Asian Journal of Probability and Statistics, 7 (1). pp. 16-40. ISSN 2582-0230

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As a mono-product economy, where the main export commodity is crude oil, volatility in oil prices has implications for the Nigerian economy and, in particular, exchange rate movements. The latter is particularly important due to the twin dilemma of being an oil exporting and oil-importing country, a situation that emerged in the last decade. The study examined the effects of oil price volatility, demand for foreign exchange, and external reserves on exchange rate volatility in Nigeria using monthly data over the period from May, 1989 to April 2019. Drawing from the works of Atoi [1] Having realized the potentials of an Autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (ARCH) model several studies have use it in modeling financial series. However, when using the ARCH model in determining the optimal lag length of variables the processes are very cumbersome. Therefore, often time users encounter problems of over parameterization. Thus, Rydberg (2016) argued that since large lag values are required in ARCH model therefore there is the need for additional parameters. Sequel to that, this research uses the ARCH-M to solve the challenges. The study reaffirms the direct link of demand for foreign exchange and oil price volatility with exchange rate movements and, therefore, recommends that demand for foreign exchange should be closely monitored and exchange rate should move in tandem with the volatility in crude oil prices bearing in mind that Nigeria remains an oil-dependent economy.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Eurolib Press > Mathematical Science
Depositing User: Managing Editor
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2023 05:20
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2024 04:33

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