Expansion in speech time can restore comprehension in a simultaneously speaking bilingual robot

Pourfannan, Hamed and Mahzoon, Hamed and Yoshikawa, Yuichiro and Ishiguro, Hiroshi (2023) Expansion in speech time can restore comprehension in a simultaneously speaking bilingual robot. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 9. ISSN 2296-9144

[thumbnail of pubmed-zip/versions/1/package-entries/frobt-09-1032811/frobt-09-1032811.pdf] Text
pubmed-zip/versions/1/package-entries/frobt-09-1032811/frobt-09-1032811.pdf - Published Version

Download (22MB)


ntroduction: In this study, the development of a social robot, capable of giving speech simultaneously in more than one language was in mind. However, the negative effect of background noise on speech comprehension is well-documented in previous works. This deteriorating effect is more highlighted when the background noise has speech-like properties. Hence, the presence of speech as the background noise in a simultaneously speaking bilingual robot can be fatal for the speech comprehension of each person listening to the robot.

Methods: To improve speech comprehension and consequently, user experience in the intended bilingual robot, the effect of time expansion on speech comprehension in a multi-talker speech scenario was investigated. Sentence recognition, speech comprehension, and subjective evaluation tasks were implemented in the study.

Results: The obtained results suggest that a reduced speech rate, leading to an expansion in the speech time, in addition to increased pause duration in both the target and background speeches can lead to statistically significant improvement in both sentence recognition, and speech comprehension of participants. More interestingly, participants got a higher score in the time-expanded multi-talker speech than in the standard-speed single-talker speech in the speech comprehension and, in the sentence recognition task. However, this positive effect could not be attributed merely to the time expansion, as we could not repeat the same positive effect in a time-expanded single-talker speech.

Discussion: The results obtained in this study suggest a facilitating effect of the presence of the background speech in a simultaneously speaking bilingual robot provided that both languages are presented in a time-expanded manner. The implications of such a simultaneously speaking robot are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Eurolib Press > Mathematical Science
Depositing User: Managing Editor
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2023 04:28
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2023 04:11
URI: http://info.submit4journal.com/id/eprint/2121

Actions (login required)

View Item
View Item